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5 Common types of Baby Rashes and How to treat them

Babies have the most delicate and sensitive skin, so it is common to see them get rashes on their body parts. It is important to treat these rashes at an early stage to avoid any serious complications. In this article, we have listed the most common types of rashes, along with their causes and treatments. 

Rash – What is it?

A rash is an abnormal change in the colour or texture of the skin. A rash may also be the result of an allergic reaction, for which you should seek medical attention immediately.

Most Common Rashes in babies

Baby acne 

Baby acne is also known as neonatal acne.

Around 20% of newborns are affected by it. It is a common, temporary skin condition that occurs on the face and body of a newborn. The result is a small red or white bump or pimple. The acne usually resolves on its own without treatment. Baby acne occurs only during the first few months of your baby’s life.

Causes

  • Although it’s unclear why babies develop acne, some researchers believe hormonal changes in mothers and infants cause them. 

Treatment 

  • Washing your baby’s face with water and a mild moisturizer will improve the appearance of their skin.
  • Be sure to avoid scented soaps, bubble baths, or other soaps that contain excessive chemicals.
  • Don’t apply acne medicines meant for adults and older children.
  • You should avoid pinching or squeezing the acne as this may worsen the problem and irritate your infant’s skin.
  • Acne in babies is usually harmless. Your baby does not experience itching or pain. It is likely to resolve on its own.

Cradle Cap

Cradle cap is also known as crusta lactea.

Cradle cap is a greasy, yellowish, scaly rash that appears in patches on young infants’ scalps.

Symptoms usually appear within three months of birth and are very common. Usually, the infant will not experience any discomfort.

Causes 

  • It is unknown what causes cradle cap, but it is not caused by allergies, bacterial infections, or poor hygiene.
  • Depending on the cause, it could be a fungus or a problem with the sebaceous glands, which produce sebum.

Treatment

  • Using a baby shampoo to gently cleanse your baby’s hair and scalp can help to prevent future patches from appearing.
  • Cortisone or antifungal creams shouldn’t be used without consulting your doctor since some of these products are toxic when absorbed through the skin.
  •  Similarly, avoid using shampoos with salicylic acid on your baby as they may be absorbed through the skin.

Eczema

Baby eczema typically appears as crusty, flaky patches on the baby’s skin in their first few months. Babies can get the condition in just about any part of their body. Usually, it affects their cheeks as well as their arms and legs. The condition is common and treatable.

Its most common form is atopic Eczema. Symptoms of the disease tend to occur in babies and children, although adults can also suffer from it.

Causes

  • Parents with Eczema are more likely to pass it on to their infants.
  • Moisture can escape through the skin barrier, which could lead to germs getting in.
  • When the body does not produce enough fat cells, called ceramides, Eczema occurs. Having a lack of ceramides will cause your baby skin to become very dry and lose moisture causing Eczema.

Treatment

  • Apply a good moisturizer, fragrance-free cream, or ointment such as petroleum jelly several times a day to help your baby’s skin retain its naturally moist condition. You can apply it right after your baby’s bath to maximize the effect.
  • A lukewarm bath to hydrate and cool your baby’s skin. Additionally, it may ease itching. Make sure that the water isn’t too hot.
  • Use mild, unscented body and laundry soaps.
  • Avoid rashes by dressing your baby
  • Clean carefully and avoid rubbing.

Milia

Baby milia are small white bumps that appear across the nose, chin, or cheeks. It is common for newborns to develop milia, but they can also occur in adults. Unfortunately, you cannot prevent milia.

Causes 

  • Milia are caused by skin flakes that become trapped in small pockets near the skin’s surface.

Treatment

  • Usually, milia disappear by themselves in a few weeks or months, so there is no need for treatment.

Nappy rash

A nappy rash is a common condition that occurs when your baby’s sensitive skin around the nappy area becomes inflamed, such as when it is in contact with urine or poop for too long.

Causes

  • When your baby’s dirty or wet nappies are not changed soon enough, and their skin is exposed to poop or urine for too long
  • Some alcohol-based baby wipes or detergents can cause skin reactions
  • Diarrhoea
  • A bacterial or fungal infection.

Treatment 

  • Change your baby’s wet or dirty nappy as soon as possible. It is probably the best way to treat or prevent nappy rash. Newborns may need up to twelve diaper changes a day.
  • It is best to avoid soaps that contain fragrances, bubble baths, lotions or talcum powder as these may further irritate the skin.
  • Use a barrier cream if needed. 
  • An antifungal cream may be necessary if the rash is caused by a fungal infection.
  • Make sure your baby’s clothes are made from GOTS certified cotton to prevent further discomfort. 

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